REHABILITATION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL PATHOLOGY
Rehabilitation in musculoskeletal pathology aims to fully restore the patient to his or her social, work and sporting environment. In addition, it is aimed at the prevention and minimisation of possible sequelae.
Post-traumatic musculoskeletal rehabilitation is divided into two main areas:
- Rehabilitation of pathologies that do not require surgery and are treated conservatively and/or functionally.
- Rehabilitation of surgical pathologies: pre-surgical phase (if required) and post-surgical phase.
Early referral to the Rehabilitation Service accelerates recovery and avoids and minimises the development of post-traumatic complications, i.e. post-traumatic oedema, joint effusions, soft tissue adhesions, joint stiffness, muscular hypotrophies, vicious postural attitudes and/or during progress, amongst others.
The rehabilitation programme is designed in an individualised way according to the type of pathology, progression time, physical examination and the specific needs of each patient.
Rehabilitation treatment is recommended for:
1.- Ligament injuries:
2.- Tendon injuries:
- Acute: enthesopathies, tendinopathies, partial ruptures and post-surgical phase of complete rupture.
- Chronic: tendinosis, calcifying tendinopathy.
- Muscular injuries: bruises, fibrillary rupture.
- Bone injuries:
- Extra-articular fractures of the limbs, spinal column and ribs.
- Avascular necrosis.
3.- Joint injuries:
- Intra-articular fracture.
- Cartilaginous and osteochondral injuries.
- Meniscal injuries.
- Ligament injuries: strains, ruptures, dislocations.
- Limb amputation: pre, during and post-prosthetic treatment.
- Peripheral neurological injury: brachial plexus injury, peripheral nerve injury.